HIST 2060 (World Civilization I) Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam Structure: The exam will consist of two parts, an essay section and an identification section, each worth 50%. You will choose one essay from a selection that will be drawn from the essays below. For the identifications, you will be given a list of ten terms, drawn from the terms below, of which you will choose five for long (paragraph-length) identifications discussing the historical significance of those terms.

Grading Criteria:

Topics covered: This exam covers all material from the beginning of class to the Axial Age.

Lectures covered:


Essay Questions and Identification Terms: Below are the terms and essays. Each essay is associated with a set of terms. In many cases, the terms themselves will be useful in answering the essay as well. Some terms are useful for more than one essay!


World History: Cultures, States, and Societies to 1500 or Boundless World History. You don't have to read both, though note where I say one or the other doesn't cover something well.

Essay 1:

Compare the development of the early river civilizations. How did the distinct environments of each river valley shape the development of these cultures?
Terms: Monumental architecture, cuneiform, Pharaoh, Paleolithic Age, city-state, Hammurabi's Code, institutional politics, loess soil, Harrapa, Shang Dynasty

Essay 2:

Discuss instability in the cultures of the Second Millennia BCE (c.2000-1000 BCE). What factors contributed to this instability? Discuss how these impacted at least two civilizations.
Terms:  Aryan Invasion, Saraswati, Hittites, Thera/Santorini, Sea People, Rig Veda, vassal, Carthage, Ekklisa, El Nino, Olmecs, Kush

Essay 3:

Discuss at least three religions or philosophical movements of the Axial Age. Compare how they exemplify (or don't) the basic principles of the Axial Age. 
Terms: Zoroastrianism, ahisma, Mahavira, Siddhartha Guatama, samsara, Tao, Covenant, Socrates, Stoics, The Republic, Legalists, li, Natural Philosophy, Pythagoras, Aristotle