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HIST 350 Study Guide Exam 1
SPECIAL NOTE - THERE ARE TWO OPTIONS ON THIS EXAM. OPTION 1
WILL BE TO DO 10 IDENTIFICATIONS, OPTION 2 WILL BE 5 IDENTIFICATIONS AND 1
ESSAY. BOTH ARE DISCUSSED BELOW.
Topic Areas: This exam will cover everything from the
beginning of the course through to the end of the nineteenth century, except
Lectures: The following lectures will be covered on the
Readings: The following readings will be covered on the
Structure of Exam:
There will be two options on this exam.
OPTION 1. The
exam will consist of identifications. You will have to do ten.
- Doing Indentifications: You will be given a list of 20 or more terms, of which you will have to do
ten, for ten points each. These should be substantive identifications, of about
three to four sentences. To do an identification well, you must think of the five
- WHO is the person, or who are the people, involved?
- WHAT is the event or feature?
- WHEN did it happen or, in the case of a feature of human geography such as a border, when did it assume the position it had?
- WHERE did it happen?
- WHY did it happen or come to be the way it was? Why is it important in
Latin American and world history? This is the "So what?" factor.
- Doing Substantive Identifications: Do not simply say on the exam
"Christopher Columbus - Genoese sailor who discovered, while working
for Spain, the route to the New World, 1492." You must go further to
discuss the ramifications of the term. So you would have to continue.
"His discoveries made possible a permanent link between the Americas
and the Old World, which paved the way for the Spanish, Portuguese and other
European empires, and the general destruction of Amerindian political
systems. It also had the unintended consequence of a massive demographic
disaster among the Amerindian people, who lacked immunity to many Old World
diseases." While this is not the only possible answer, it is an example
of the level of depth I will be looking for.
OPTION 2. The exam will consist of five identifications (to be
done as discussed above) and one essay. You must choose one of the essays listed
below. Each identification will be worth 10%, for a total of 50%, and the essay
will be worth 50%.
Essay: You will have to do one (1) of these essays.
In grading these essays, I will assume you have done the appropriate
readings. In doing an essay, there are certain things you should remember. A
good essay will first of all answer the question. Make sure you do address all
parts of the question. A good essay is both specific and general: specific in
its examples, general in its use of major themes. Finally, a good essay has a
definite structure: an introduction, a body with an organization and argument,
and a conclusion. So, in doing your essay, you should:
- 1) State you main ideas clearly.
- 2) Give your essay structure. I'd suggest preparing an outline as you
- 3) Give specific examples to back up your main ideas.
- 1) Discuss the impact of race on individuals in colonial Latin America.
Take at least two racial categories from colonial society and discuss how
people's lives were shaped by being a member of that racial group (such as
Amerindian, mestizo, mulatto, white, black, etc.). You will want to consider
such things as employment, political power, and labor issues, among other
- 2) Discuss resistance to the Spanish and Portuguese empires. In what ways
did different types of people rebel against imperial authority, and why did
they rebel? Give at least two specific examples of resistance and/or
- 3) How did the Spanish establish their authority in Latin America and
control the people of Latin America? Discuss both the political and
religious aspects of authority.
- 4) Liberals and Positivists sought to "modernize" Latin America
in the later part of the nineteenth century. What was meant by
"modernization," and what impact did it have on ordinary people?
REMEMBER - YOU WILL DO ONE OF THESE OPTIONS. BE SURE TO INDICATE AT THE
TOP OF YOUR TEST WHICH OPTION YOU WILL BE DOING.
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