American History II
Midterm Study Guide
The examination comprises:
twenty-five multiple-choice questions (50%); and
(2) three essay questions of which students are required to answer two (50%).
Students should bring to the examination:
sharpened #2 pencils for recording answers to the multiple-choice section;
(2) a blue or black ballpoint pen; and
(3) at least one examination booklet (blue book) for writing the essays (available in the bookstores on both campuses).
(1) The total
time allowed for the examination is one hour and fifteen minutes: twenty-five
minutes for the multiple-choice section and fifty minutes for the essay.
(2) No books, notes, or other materials may be consulted during the examination.
Classes meeting two days per week will complete the entire examination on Wednesday, March, 15 or Thursday, March 16.
Classes meeting three days per week will complete the multiple-choice section of the examination on Wednesday, March 15, and essay section on Friday, March 17.
The examination is designed to test the learning outcomes stated in the syllabus for the course. The multiple-choice questions test students' familiarity with historical persons, institutions, and events (course learning outcome #1), and the essay questions assess the ability of students to use this knowledge in making connections, analyzing arguments, and presenting their own ideas (learning outcomes #2-5).
The terms listed below for each topic are provided to assist students in preparing for the multiple-choice questions on the examination. Multiple-choice questions on the test are based on these terms. For each term, students should know basic factual information (who, what, when, where) and recognize significance (why is the term important). Although it is important to be thoroughly familiar with the terms, the multiple-choice questions are not designed to confuse prepared students or test the memorization of trivial details. Students who can identify a term and explain its importance should be able to answer a related multiple-choice question correctly.
The three essay questions on the examination will be taken directly from the essay questions below. Students are required to answer two of the three selected questions. Because the selection is not published in advance, students should prepare for all questions. Essays should comprise five to eight full paragraphs (at least four or five sentences each), including an introduction and a conclusion. As indicated in the syllabus, responses to essay questions are graded on the basis of factual accuracy, relevance to the topic, clarity, presentation, and organization. Students should devote a significant portion of their test preparation to constructing thorough, organized, and reasoned responses to the essay questions.
1. Rural America: The West and the New South
Bonanza farms, cattle drives, Homestead Act, Battle of Little Big Horn, Dawes Act, Ghost Dance, Plessy v. Ferguson, Ida B. Wells, "Atlanta Compromise"
Discuss the impact of westward expansion on Native Americans in the West after the Civil War. Also discuss the steps that stripped blacks of their political rights and the implementation of "Jim Crow" laws during the same time period.
2. Smokestack America
Bessemer process, Standard Oil, Andrew Carnegie, "Walking city," "New Immigration," Great Railroad Strike of 1877, Knights of Labor, American Federation of Labor, Chinese Exclusion Act
Discuss the factors that contributed to industrial transformation in the United States between 1865 and 1900. Also discuss urban expansion during the age of industrial development with particular reference to in-migration and foreign immigration.
3. Politics and Reform
Pendleton Act of 1883, temperance movement, "The Gospel of Wealth," Social Darwinism, settlement house movement, Tammany Hall, NAWSA, People’s Party
Discuss national politics in America during the "Gilded Age." What role did middle-class reformers play during this age? Also discuss the various reformist philosophies of this period.
Becoming a World Power
Queen Liliuokalani, Alfred Mahan, "de Lome’s letter," USS Maine, Panama Canal, Platt Amendment, Roosevelt Corollary, Open Door notes
Explain the major motivations for and opposition to American expansionism in the 1890s, and describe the role of the United States in Asia, Europe, and the Caribbean from the late nineteenth to the early twentieth century.
5. Progressivism and the Great War
Muckrakers, "city beautiful" movement, Pure Food and Drug Act, Niagara Movement, Selective Service Act, Creel Committee, League of Nations
Define progressivism and analyze social issues, political policies, legislation, reforms, and race issues during the Progressive era. What happened to Progressivism during World War I and what impact did the war have on reform?
6. Affluence and Anxiety
Charles Lindbergh, Scopes Trial, the "Red Menace," Harlem Renaissance, Ku Klux Klan, Model T, Marcus Garvey, the stock market crash
Discuss the 1920s in American history focusing on the major issues of conflict such as religious and racial intolerance. Also discuss issues of consensus paying attention to the impacts of literature and the arts, the role of leisure sports, and the issues of women and minorities.
7. The Great Depression and the New Deal
Bonus Army, Civilian Conservation Corps, Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Social Security Act, Fair Labor Standards Act, “black cabinet,” Eleanor Roosevelt.
Explain how the Great Depression affected the American economy. Describe the New Deal and discuss how Roosevelt’s efforts to address the Depression differ from those of his predecessor? What effects did these policies have on American society?